“In summing up all events, that, according to everything taught by exact science-there is evidence of an intelligent order of the universe.” – Max Planck
Four cars arrive at an intersection, each from a different direction. There is no traffic light, yet a stop sign is at each corner. The rule in this situation is that the driver to the right has the right-of-way to perform their desired maneuver first. The purpose of this protocol is to avoid a potential accident. The accident being a collision between two or more vehicles should the drivers be left to their own volition. In adhering to the rule, the effects of disobedience will not be suffered.
The rule or law, as in this case, is applied to some known right function of an existing order. The order being considered here is of a physical nature; two objects cannot occupy the same space at the same time. Anyone who has bumped into another person, or has been bumped into by another, understands this principle first hand. This physical certainty has order, and is orderly by virtue of its certainty. If such was a random instance, there would be no need for a law to ensure that it be respected. Therefore, order gives reason to law.
There are several basic forces in nature, each of which possesses a delicate balance within them. These balances have been measured, and verified, to a specific set value in each force called the Planck constant; named after the German Physicist, Max Planck, who originated quantum theory. If any of these constants were to vary in the least, our universe would cease to be as we know it. In some instances, it would not be at all. This reality of constants proves that the universe we live in is orderly. And since we inhabit this universe, we are then subject to that order. We will briefly investigate two of these forces of nature; gravity and electromagnetic force.
Gravity, although associated with that which affects the attraction of celestial bodies, is a weak force. Its Planck constant is 0.0000000000667 in metric units. If Gravity’s value were to double in strength, the reading on your bathroom scale would show a reading twice what it is now. Also, an object that you may be carrying would be twice its normal weight. Using a vaster example; if gravity’s strength was again doubled, small stars could not form. Furthermore, if its strength was less than its set constant, big stars could not form either, making it impossible to radiate enough to support life on a planet.
The electromagnetic Planck constant is 0.000000000000000000000000000000000662, which allowed a few atoms in the early Universe to merge together and form a little blob that we call your eye. If this constant were to vary slightly, the force that holds atoms together would be too weak to do so. Therefore, all matter, including us, would not have formed. That chair you are sitting on and that computer before you would not exist because the atoms needed to form them would not have come together.
These constants within the existing forces had to have been in place from the start for the Universe to develop as it has. A solely, by chance, evolutionary premise which advocates that the biology of things will adjust as the need presents itself, has no firm footing in an ordered universe. The Planck constants that ensure our very existence could not have come about in a solely evolutionary way. Furthermore, without these constants, there would not be a universe. A universe that is necessary for the evolutionary argument to even be made.
Because of a perfectly planned arrangement, the universe is. The more our intellect perfects, the more we understand this complex, yet delicately designed plan and order. And, again, it is by virtue of order – which we have discovered through observation – that law is needed to maintain and safeguard it; for our good and the good of everything.
We can then gather from the preceding discussion, that law presupposes order. For if there is no order; why a law for order? Herein lies the contradiction; because we do have laws. Laws that govern the large, the minute and all hierarchies of life. So there is order. And despite our tendency toward relativism, that order is preserved by law.
As there is order to the universe, so too, there is order in how we relate to each other.
Animals adhere to natural laws by instinct. They don’t possess the disadvantages of self – reflection, rational thought or free will as we. At our level of existence, the potential to act against order, which we alone possess, will have consequences. And those consequences which do not befall us, may very well befall our neighbor.
Man can be disorderly and unlawful because he can rationalize and reflect; allowing him to act contrarily. In following the law of order he can be just, righteous, merciful and content. In diverging, he can be open to deceitful, conniving and manipulative behavior; leading to discontent. In an orderly environment, we serve ourselves by serving others. Otherwise, we serve ourselves at the expense of others.
If one neglects to obey the law that pertains to a particular order, then a price must be paid. And we now know, whether on a terrestrial or extraterrestrial level, that price is chaos.